The Heimskringla: a history of the Norse kings Volume 1

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Chileans commonly use the formal "you" ( usted ) to address persons, independently of the interlocutor's social status. Cell phones seem similar, in that the object itself was not created to fill a specific need, but rather has potentialities that are realized differently by different people or are exploited differently by corporate rivals. What was most relevant to humans, however, was the almost-complete extinction during the Kellwasser event of the tetrapods that had come ashore.� Tetrapods did not reappear in the fossil record until several million years after the Kellwasser event, and has even been referred to as the Fammenian Gap (the Fammenian Age is the Devonian�s last age). [270] �The Kellwasser event also appeared to be a pe riod of low atmospheric oxygen content, and some evidence is the lack of charcoal in fossil deposits. �Recent research has demonstrated that getting wood to burn at oxygen levels of less than 13-15% may be impossible. [271] �Because all periods of complex land life show evidence of forest fires, it is today thought that oxygen levels have not dropped below 13-15% since the Devonian, but during the �charcoal gap� of the late Devonian, when the first landlubbing tetrapods went extinct, oxygen levels reached their lowest levels since the GOE, which must have impacted the first animals trying to breathe air instead of water.� During the Kellwasser event, there is no charcoal evidence at all, which leads to the notion that oxygen levels may have even dropped below 13%. [272] � This drop may be related to severe climatic stresses on the new mono-species forests, which are probably related to the ice age that the forests helped bring about due to their carbon sequestering.� That is an attractively explanatory scenario, but the controversy and research continues.� The first seed plants probably appeared before the Kellwasser event, but it was not until after the Fammenian Gap that seed plants began to proliferate. [273] The Kellwasser event ended the first invasion of land by vertebrates and created an evolutionary bottleneck.� Some stragglers survived the Kellwasser event, but the fossil record for the next seven million years has been devoid of tetrapod fossils with the exception of one species. [274] � After the Fammenian Gap ended about 368 mya, tetrapods renewed their invasion of land, and those tetrapods with many toes appeared in the fossil record during the second invasion.� Ichthyostega was Earth�s largest land animal in those days.� The tetrapods of the time may have not yet been true amphibians, but they were making the adjustments needed to become true land animals, such as losing their gills and improving their locomotion.� No new arthropods appeared on land during that time.

Western Humanities, Complete

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Was monotheism a big issue in Justin's debate as well with his pagan audience? His “Tears of Khorasan,” mourning the passing of Seljuq glory, is among the best known of Persian qasidahs. Glass was as important, but examples have been less well preserved. O company of jinn and men, if ye have power to penetrate (all) regions of the heavens and the earth, then penetrate (them)! Different answers were given to these searching questions in the course of Christian history, and the problem still remains unsolved.

Heritage: Civilization and the Jews: Study Guide

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This God may have been half-jaguar, half-serpent. Some of the patterns that appear from an examination of the first four civilizations include the following: (1) When a new technology with radically different and improved capabilities of communication is first introduced into society, it will profoundly change the culture and, indeed, mark the beginning of a new civilization. The magazine of the National Museum of the American Indian (a publication of the Smithsonian Institution) featured an article about Cahokia, the largest of the mound-builder sites, in its Winter 2010 issue (Adams 2010).

Hermes, Oder, Kritisches Jahrbuch Der Literatur, NR XIX

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A favorite method of divination was reading sheep or goat entrails. The development of the Classical style in Etruria is shown in a series of votive statuettes in terracotta and bronze. High culture simply refers to the objects, symbols, norms, values, and beliefs of a particular group of people; popular culture does the same. It's that time, those few seconds when we're coming out of sleep but we're not really awake yet.

Phoenix: Eternal Egypt (Phoenix Press)

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Simply because culture is transmitted through symbols whose meanings remain more or less constant doesn't mean that cultures are static and don't change. Trade and communication are two wonderful gifts because of our progression. The burly Mills attended to the introduction: ``Captain Blunt.'' We shook hands. Nomadic groups like the Apache were hunters and gatherers. There is a moral in that, somewhere. ~Harlan Ellison, From A to Z in the Chocolate Alphabet Where is the Life we have lost in living?

Rise and Decline of Civilizations: Lessons for the Jewish

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I thought I would die a hundred times for shame. This horizon, extending from circa 1500 onward, includes: colonialism (co-emergent with the Renaissance, but accelerating from the second half of the eighteenth century through the nineteenth); the intensification of urbanization and the eventual emergence of major European capitals; the interrelated processes of the marginalization of the Catholic church in the European state system, the emergence of Protestant sects, and the spiritualization of strands of Christian theology; the monopolization of violence by the absolutist state, and the related development of courtly manners; the achievement of a law-governed European inter-state system (first through the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia, and then the 1815 Congress of Vienna ); the spread of disciplinary institutions and technologies of the self; the global rise of European capital, and the correlative emergence and consolidation of European bourgeois classes and consumerism; the development of private property from the late seventeenth century and accelerating from the second half of the century (e.g., in England with the enclosures movement); the interrelated development of parliaments, national polities/states, and electoral democracy (beginning in the seventeenth century in England for the propertied classes and extending both horizontally and vertically throughout the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries to universal adult franchise, excluding the non-European colonies); and of course the development of the arts, sciences, and technology, especially at an accelerated pace since the Enlightenment (i.e., roughly the eighteenth century).

Introduction to American Studies

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White culture suppresses and oppresses the cultures of peoples of color as part of an ongoing system of conquest, colonialism and racial/national oppression. Left behind from the Moche culture are some very impressive sites that are representative of their skilled archaeological abilities. Not because I was certain that the fellow must not be allowed to go to Tolosa, but because I was perfectly alive to the difficulty of stopping him from going there, since the decision was absolutely in the hands of Baron H.

Cultural Reality

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As in neighbouring countries, women played a considerable role in the development of modern Persian literature. A 72 slide series by Sharri Clark [Harvard University] looks at ancient Indus figurines discovered in Harappa. Clea ning up human space junk would only be the beginning, however.� All asteroids in Earth-crossing orbits would be cleaned up (moved or mined), and if the technology does not already exist, it could readily be developed so that nothing larger than a pebble would be in Earth�s vicinity.� Also, any comets arriving from the Kuiper belt would be immediately noticed and tracked, and anything on an Earth-crossing trajectory (and probably crossing any planet or moon), would be either redirected or mined.� The idea of randomly appearing comets, or potentially threatening asteroids, could quickly become as obsolete as stone tools, as the solar system became �domesticated.�� The asteroid belt and Kuiper belt have enough raw material to build space colonies that could easily host all of today�s humanity, and that is before we even think of settling or mining any other planets.� It may be decided that the entire asteroid belt should be consolidated into one �planet� that can be mined for raw materials when needed.� It would be less than a twentieth of our Moon�s mass.

The Utopia of Sir Thomas More

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Also on the same mound is Temple XII, the first structure visitors see as they enter the site. The map contains civil engineering works: a system of channels with a length of about 12,000 km, weirs, powerful dams. Capacity for suffering is developed in every human being worthy of the name.'' ``Captain Blunt doesn't seem to be a very happy person,'' I said. ``He seems to have a grudge against everybody. There is a telegraphic instrument in the eyes to transmit the messages or thoughts of treachery, depression, gloom, hatred, cheerfulness, peace, harmony, health, power, strength and beauty.

A Century of Negro Migration (Annotated): African-American

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I was facing her and only heard the door close. ``Don't stare at me,'' were the first words she said. The brougham from the hotel will be here very soon.'' He left us in the white flash of an apologetic grin. They have to understand that social misery is the continued agony of Christ, suffering still in the person of his members. This could be anything from Magic, Technology, or Religion, to Climate, Superstition, or Emotion. It is related to the Hakra Phase, identified in the Ghaggar-Hakra River Valley to the west, and predates the Kot Diji Phase (2800-2600 BCE, Harappan 2), named after a site in northern Sindh, Pakistan, near Mohenjo Daro.